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Removal artifacts from EEG signal using independent component analysis and principal component analysis

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Abstract

In recording the EEG signals are often contamination signal called artifacts. There are different kinds of artifacts such as power line noise, electromyogram (EMG), electrocardiogram (ECG) and electrooculogram (EOG). This research will compare two methods for removing artifacts, i.e. ICA and PCA methods. EEG signals are recorded on three conditions, which is normal conditions, closed eyes, and blinked eyes. After processing, the dominant frequency of the EEG signal is obtained in the range of 12-14 Hz (alpha-beta) either on normal conditions, closed eyes, and blinked eyes. From processing with ICA and PCA methods found that ICA method are better than PCA in terms of the separation of the EEG signals from mixed signals.

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